Missionaries and Indians 
 
I.  Missionaries and Indians
    A. Misc. facts.
        1.  Early New England charters had the goal of converting Indians written in charters.
        2.  Massachusetts Bay Company had picture of Indian in logo.
        3.  Union among Massachusetts bay, Connecticut, New Haven, and Plymouth called for the spread of
            Christianity.

 Seal of the Massachusetts Bay Company.

    B. Missionaries
        1.  Mr. John Eliot
            a.  Translated Bible into Indian Language.
            b.  First Indian Church founded in Natwick, Massachusetts in 1651.
            c. After death, congregation dwindled away.
        2.  David Brainerd
            a.  considered most successful preacher.
            b.  preached in England through translator.
            c.  Thought to have converted one-sixth to one-seventh of Indian Population.
        3.  John Serjeant
            a.  translated parts of Bible into Mohekanew.
            b.  created school with two masters, one in the fields and one at school.
                1.  also had a female teacher to teach domestic ways to Indian girls.
            c.  Indians soon left his school for the Oneida reservation.
    C.  Support in Great Britain.
            a.  Collection taken up in England and Wales for the civilization of the Indians.
                1. collected 500-600 pounds annually.
            b.  the fund from Great Britain laid the groundwork for early churches.
    D.  Methods
            a.  Learning the language
                1.  not a common practice among Missionaries.
                2.  difficult to properly learn the language.
                3.  best chance for success by learning the language.
            b.  Preach through translator.
                1.  the more commonly used by missionaries.
                2.  difficult to judge success because it would not be known if translator was giving accurate
                    translation.
    E.  Difficulties
            a.  numbers of converted Indians were often exaggerated.
                1.  no exact numbers on record.
            b.  Church congregation rarely lasted longer after the missionary's death.
            c.  There was an overall lack of Indian desire to be converted to any part of the English lifestyle.
            d.  many missionaries had difficulty converting because they did not speak the tribal language.
    F.  Conclusion
            a.  no accurate number of converted.
            b.  Hamilton College and Dartmouth College were first founded as Indian schools.
            c.  Catholic missionaries were generally more successful than Protestant missionaries.

Dartmouth College.

 Education in Colonial America

 Geography 310 link